Before we get starting to choose the best running shoes for flat feet, we must know what your foot type is. The next tutorial introduce you how to choose the best running shoes for flat feet and best running shoes for overpronation or directly go to the results section.
What is pronation
Foot pronation is part of the natural movement of the human body. When the foot is landing on the ground, the foot pronates to disperse the weight of the landing, and the arch of the foot bears an average of about three times the weight of the body weight. Pronation of the foot is a normal phenomenon, but if the foot is overpronation or underpronation/supination, it will make the feet feel uncomfortable or increase the risk of injury.
Many people believe the overpronation or underpronation is only affecting the foot. In fact, it will affect the spinal function indirectly. Therefore, by distinguishing your foot type and choosing the most suitable shoes, you can make your feet more comfortable during exercise, and also avoid possible injuries caused overpronation or underpronation during exercise.
When the normal pronation foot is in motion, the angle between the heel and the ground is almost vertical, and the ankle and heel are inclined to absorb impact and support body weight.
The exactly moment the sole leaves the ground, the whole foot/forefoot distributes power.
This type of foot type can often effectively absorb shock and cushion through the body’s own structure, but it does not mean that a person with normal pronation will be less injured than a person with over/under pronation.
Judging from the wear of running shoes, even if a pair of running shoes is worn for a long time, it is unlikely to be inclined when placed on a flat surface.
Underpronation or supination
This type of pronation almostly is high arch foot.
A person with underpronation, When walks or runs to the ground every time, the ankle and heel are tilted, the angle between the outside of the heel and the ground is small, the strength will also shift to the outside. At this time, the impact of the ground will be transmitted to the body through the calf.
When the sole leaves the ground, the pressure is more concentrated on the outside of the foot.
Underpronation is most likely to cause pain in the outside of the foot, fibula, and ankle.
From the wear of running shoes, the outer wear of the outsole is more obvious. In addition, if you wear it for long enough, put your running shoes on a flat surface, and you can see that the shoes have been inclined outward (the outer wear is much greater than the inner wear).
Almost flat feet have overpronation.
At the moment of landing for whom is overpronated, the force shifts to the inside, the knee rotates excessively inward, and the angle between the outside of the heel and the ground increases. The weight of the entire body shifts to the inside of the foot, not the forefoot.
When the sole leaves the ground, the pressure is more concentrated on the big toe and the second toe.
Overpronation is more likely to cause pain in the tibia, ankle, arch, toe, ball of the thumb, and sole.
The relationship between wear and pronation
Best running shoes for flat feet
The following table to show you which type of shoes flat feet should choose. As we know, flat feet is mostly overpronated, So I can say this shoes are also best running shoes for overpronation. We shall choose the shoes with stability or motion control, depending on the flat feet severity. How to test flat feet severity following the flat feet knowledge article.
5 best running shoes for flat feet overpronation
Motion control shoes are designed for the people with severe overpronator and flat footed, It can be effecively relieving plantar fasciitis, foot and ankle pain caused by flat feet and overpronation. The following best running shoes are for severe flat feet people, and also are recommended by podiatrists, osteopaths, doctors, chiropractors and physical therapists.
New Balance Made in Us 1540 V2 Running Shoe
Good arch support, you can walk all days and running without painful. No motion control shoes is perfect without orthotic insole, but this one is close to perfect. Some users run at least 20 miles per week without getting a pain. A doctor recommended shoe.
Some users complaint the shoes are heavy, the insole is hard and the toe box is wide.
$84.95 – $285.34
ASICS Gel-Kayano 26 running shoes
Perfect shoe upper support
Perfect wrapping at the heel
Material and workmanship is very solid, and also quite durable
Almost no degradation in performance after long-term wear
It is more suitable for spring and autumn wearing because a lower performance of air permeability
Abandon the ortholite insoles ever used instead of using ordinary insoles
Kayano 26 has hard midsoles
$84.95 – $285.34
Brooks Mens Beast ’20 Running Shoe
Very strong support in the arch area. Extremely lightweight and comfortable.
The shoes are narrow than before, especially in the toe box and the heel seems to stile lower.
$99.06 – $281.52
Brooks Womens Ariel ’18 running shoes
Comfortable and cushioning with stability
The shoes are very lightweight
With full support and arch support
It feels like stiff, especial in the middle of the foot
Wider than last generation, someone may feel sliding over the heel
The top of mesh is easily torn
$114.45 – $281.88
HOKA ONE ONE Gaviota 2 Running Shoes
Best for pavement running
Some users say it has 1 or 1/2 smaller than the ordinary size. Someone report that it’s not durable as much and very expensive.